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当前位置:机械零件加工价格核算方法
[来源:www.hslcasting.com.cn] [作者:精密铸造] [日期:18-12-22]

机加工价格核算是进行外协加工中必不可少的一步。机加工价格核算的准确性会直接营养产品的加工、生产以及销售等,可谓之重中之重。 Machining price accounting is an essential step in the processing of foreign trade. The accuracy of machine processing price accounting is the top priority for the processing, production and sales of direct nutritional products. 价格包含哪些方面 What is the price 1、材料费:材料的采购成本、材料的运输费、采购中产生的差旅费等。 Material expenses: the purchase cost of the material, the transportation fee of the materials, the travel expenses incurred in purchasing. 2、加工费用:各工序中的工时费、设备折旧费、水电费、刀具、工装、量具、辅料费用等。 Processing cost: the cost of labor, equipment depreciation, water and electricity, tools, tooling, measuring tools, auxiliary materials, etc. 3、管理费用:固定成本摊销、管理人员工资摊销、场地费用、回扣、差旅等。 Management fee: fixed cost amortization, management staff pay amortization, field expense, rebate, travel etc. 4、税费:国税、地税等。 Taxes: state tax, land tax, etc. 5、利润 5, profits, 价格核算的简易方法 Simple method of price accounting 以产品材料费用为基础进行简单估算。(以加工难易度划分) Make simple estimation based on the cost of product materials. (in terms of processing difficulties) 1、简单的:材料费50%、加工费用 30% 、管理费用 5%、税收17%、自己的利润 8% 。 Simple: 50% of materials, 30% of processing cost, 5% management expenses, 17% tax revenue, 8% of profits. 2、高附加值的:材料费10%、 加工费用 40%、管理费用 5%、税收17%、自己的利润 28% 。 High value added: material cost 10%, processing cost 40%, management cost 5%, tax revenue 17%, own profit 28%. 3、高科技的:材料费10%、 加工费用 20% 、管理费用 10%、 税收17%、自己的利润 43%。 High-tech: material cost 10%, processing cost 20%, management expenses 10%, tax revenue 17%, own profit 43%. 价格的核算方法 Price calculation method 根据零件的数量、尺寸、精度要求等计算加工费用; Calculating processing costs according to the quantity, size and accuracy of the parts; 1、钻孔加工 1, drilling, 深径比不大于2.5倍的直径25MM以下按钻头直径*0.05 ; The diameter of the deep diameter is less than 2.5 times the diameter of 25MM and the diameter of the drill is 0.05. 直径25-60的按钻头直径*0.12(最 小孔不低于0.5元)。 The diameter of the drill is 25 to 60 in diameter * 0.12 (the hole is not less than 0.5 yuan). 深径比大于2.5的一般材料收费基价*深径比*0.4收取 。 The deep diameter ratio of the average material that is greater than 2.5 is charged for the base price. 对孔径精度要求小于0.1MM或对中心距要求小于0.1MM的按基价*5收费 。u The requirement for aperture accuracy is less than 0.1 MM or less than 0.1 MM. u 对攻丝收费标准按丝锥直径*0.2收费(以铸铁为标准,钢件另*1.2)。 The charge standard for the charge of the tapping is the price of the tap diameter * 0.2 (in the case of cast iron, the steel is the other * 1.2). 在批量加工时以标准基价*0.2-0.8收取(根据批量大小与加工难易程度)。 Charge of standard base price by 0.2-0.8 (according to the size and processing difficulty) in batch processing. 2、车床加工类 Lathe processing class 一般精度光轴加工 长径比不大与10的按加工件毛坯尺寸*0.2收费(最底5元)。 The general precision shaft machining is less than 10 and the size of the workpiece is * 0.2 (the bottom 5 yuan). 长径比大于10的按一般光轴基价*长径比数*0.15 。 The length ratio is greater than 10 and the base price of the normal axis of light is multiplied by 0.15. 精度要求在0.05MM以内的或要求带锥度的以一般光轴基价*2收取 。 The accuracy is required to be within 0.05 MM or to require the taper of the base price of the base price * 2. 一般阶梯轴(风机轴,泵轴,减速器轴,砂轮轴,电机轴,主轴等)以一般精度光轴加工 基价*2收取。 The usual step shaft (fan shaft, pump shaft, reducer shaft, shaft of shaft, motor shaft, main shaft, etc.) is charged for the base price of the basic precision axis. 阶梯轴如有带锥度,内外罗纹,的按一般精度光轴加工 基价*3收取。 The step axis is made with taper, inside and outside the rib, and the base price is charged for the base price. 一般用途丝杠按一般精度光轴加工 基价*4收取。 The general purpose screw is charged for the base price of the base price of the normal precision axis.

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